How to Macro photography using photography equipment and helpers?

How to Macro photography using photography equipment and helpers?

  1. Macro Photography using a tripod

Most macro professionals use a tripod for their photography. It has the huge advantage that you can achieve long exposure times without blurring the photo. Unfortunately, this happens very easily in macro photography. Because of the extreme proximity to the subject, every small movement leads to blurring of the photo. With macro photography you usually focus manually, which is also much easier to do with a tripod.

Nevertheless, as a beginner, first dive into macro photography without a tripod. With the camera in hand, you can go on a voyage of discovery in a very flexible way, find subject, rotate them, move them, change the perspective and find out which angle, image section and which light is ideal for your subject. The freer composition of the image means that your macro photos will probably get better first.

If you want to get even closer, blur your photos, want to have your hands free or need longer exposure times for your macro photos, then photography with a tripod is a good option. Even if you’ve been involved in macro photography for a long time, you will probably use a tripod, because you can get even more focus than with freehand macro photography.

Macro photography using a flash

If you’re more into macro photography, it may be worthwhile for you to get a flash.

As in all branches of photography, the subject of light and illumination is always relevant. So does in macro photography. Depending on the subject and the distance from your camera to the subject, too little light may fall on the subject.

Manual and unleashed flash is technically a little more demanding, so it is recommended by advanced photographers to deal with technology and light. If you’re just starting out with macro photography, a reflector or maybe a ring flash will do just fine.

Using helpers for macro photography

Spray bottle

One of the coolest and easiest little helpers for macro photography is a small spray bottle with water. Water droplets look a lot in macro photos. No matter whether you spray plants or fruit with it or let the drops work for you alone. ​​Great photos are guaranteed!

Flashlight

If you’re not working with flash, a simple flashlight is a surprisingly powerful helper for macro photography. Use this to illuminate your motifs from the side or sometimes from the back and create a nice side light or exciting light effects. You can really make it big with a combination of two flashlights. Just try it out, you will be amazed at how many cool effects and different affects you can achieve so easily.

Holders and brackets for plants

When doing macro photography, please make sure that you take photos in a natural way, not to disturb animals and not to damage plants. It is allowed, however, to fix disturbing plants such as blades of grass to the side with clips for the duration of the recording.

Thin sleeping mat

Macro photography takes extreme patience. The photography process lasts longer if we sit, kneel or lie on a sleeping mat, dry and comfortable in the grass. There is no reason why you shouldn’t take that thin pad with you on your photo tours.

What’s the problem with sharpness in macro photography?

First problem: Shallow depth of field

In macro photography, you might encounter a problem with the small depth of field. The closer you are to your subject, the better it is! And you will have smaller area to focus on. This is a problem with animals or plants in the wind that with the slightest movement, the focused subject gets easily out of focus again.

Second problem: Mis-focusing

The focus area of ​​your macro photo has to be exactly right. Since it is so small, it is extremely difficult to do.

Third problem: motion blur

The third sharpness problem in macro photography is motion blur. In extreme close-ups, every slight movement of the camera causes camera shake. You should use a tripod to avoid this problem.

The 3 disadvantages of a very small aperture are:

– It doesn’t do much: even at aperture 32, the macro photo is not necessarily sharp enough

– The smaller the aperture, the darker the photo will be. Here you have to work with a high ISO to compensate, which ensures a muddy photo and thus also little sharpness.

– Above a certain number that again depends on the sensor size, focal length and lens, e.g. from 11-16mm, blur occurs, so the photo becomes blurred again.

Despite of all these challenges, macro-photography is worth giving a try. Grab your camera, lens and photography helpers and set out to capture the macro photos of the tiny subjects around.

 

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